Beaver City Annual Drinking Water Quality Report

We're very pleased to provide you with this year's Annual Water Quality Report. We want to keep you informed about the excellent water and services we have delivered to you over the past year. Our goal is and always has been, to provide to you a safe and dependable supply of drinking water. Our water sources are multiple, with 15 springs in Bakers Canyon (considered as one source) and two wells in the valley. All sources are ground water. Beaver City owns all the water rights for these sources.

Beaver City has a Drinking Water Source Protection Plan that is available for review to our customers at our office. It provides more information such as potential sources of contamination and our source protection areas.

We are pleased to report that our drinking water is safe and meets federal and state requirements.

If you have any questions about this report or concerning your water utility, please contact Brent Blackner or Chad Limb at 435-438-2451. We want our valued customers to be informed about their water utility. If you want to learn more, please attend any of our regularly scheduled council meetings. They are held on the first and third Tuesday of each month, beginning at 4:00 P.M. If you can make a appointment to be on the agenda or just visit any meeting.

The Beaver City Water System routinely monitors for constituents in our drinking water in accordance with the Federal and Utah State laws. Table I at the bottom of the page shows the results of our monitoring for the period of January 1st to December 31st, 1999 . All drinking water, including bottled drinking water, may be reasonably expected to contain at least small amounts of some constituents. It's important to remember that the presence of these constituents does not necessarily pose a health risk.

In Table I below, you will find many terms and abbreviations you might not be familiar with. To help you better understand these terms we've provided the following definitions:

Non-Detects (ND) - laboratory analysis indicates that the constituent is not present.

ND/Low - High - For water systems that have multiple sources of water, the Utah Division of Drinking Water has given water systems the option of listing the test results of the constituents in one table, instead of multiple tables. To accomplish this, the lowest and highest values detected in the multiple sources are recorded in the same space in the report table.

Parts per million (ppm) or Milligrams per liter (mg/l) - one part per million corresponds to one minute in two years or a single penny in $10,000.

Parts per billion (ppb) or Micrograms per liter (ug/l) - one part per billion corresponds to one minute in 2,000 years, or a single penny in $10,000,000.

Parts per trillion (ppt) or Nanograms per liter (nanograms/l) - one part per trillion corresponds to one minute in 2,000,000 years, or a single penny in $10,000,000,000.

Parts per quadrillion (ppq) or Picograms per liter (picograms/l) - one part per quadrillion corresponds to one minute in 2,000,000,000 years or one penny in $10,000,000,000,000.

Picocuries per liter (pCi/L) - picocuries per liter is a measure of the radioactivity in water.

Millirems per year (mrem/yr) - measure of radiation absorbed by the body.

Million Fibers per Liter (MFL) - million fibers per liter is a measure of the presence of asbestos fibers that are longer than 10 micrometers.

Nephelometric Turbidity Unit (NTU) - nephelometric turbidity unit is a measure of the clarity of water. Turbidity in excess of 5 NTU is just noticeable to the average person.

Action Level (AL) - the concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.
Treatment Technique (TT) - (mandatory language) A treatment technique is a required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) - (mandatory language) The "Maximum Allowed" (MCL) is the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) - The "Goal"(MCLG) is the level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

Date- Because of required sampling time frames i.e. yearly, 3 years, 4 years and 6 years, sampling dates "May" seem out of date.

Waivers (W)- Because some chemicals are not used or stored in areas around drinking water sources, some water systems have been given waivers that exempt them from having to take certain chemical samples, these waivers are also tied to Drinking Water Source Protection Plans.

We test for the following list of constituents. Only those that had detects are shown in the table below:

Tested for:
Total Coliform Bacteria; Fecal Coliform and E.coli;

Turbidity RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINANTS Alpha Emitters; Beta Emitters; Combined Radium; INORGANIC CONTAMINANTS; Antimony; Arsenic; Asbestos; Barium; Beryllium; Cadmium; Chromium; Copper; Cyanide; Fluoride; Lead; Mercury; Nitrate (as Nitrogen); Nitrite (as Nitrogen); Selenium; Thallium; SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS INCLUDING PESTICIDES AND HERBICIDES; 23. 2,4-D; 2,4,5-TP (Silvex); Acylamide; Alachlor; Atrazine;. Benzo(a)pyrene (PAHs); Carbofuran; Chlordane; Dalapon; Di(2-ethylhexyl) adipate; Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalates; Dibromochloro-propane; Dinoseb; Dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD); Diquat; Endothall; Endrin; Epichlorohydrin; Ethylene dibromide; Glyphosate; Heptachlor; Heptachlor eposide; Hexachloro-benzene; Hexachloro-cyclopentadiene; Lindane; Methoxychlor; Oxamyl (Vydate); PCBs (Polychlorinated biphenyls); Pentachloro-phenol; Picloram; Toxaphene; VOLATILE ORGANIC CONTAMINANTS; Benzene; Carbon tetrachloride; Chlorobenzene; o-Dichloro-benzene; p-Dichloro-benzene; 1,2 - Dichloroethane; 1,1 -Dichloroethylene; cis 1,2 - Dichloroethylene; trans - 1.2 - Dichloroethylene; Dichloromethane; 1,2 - Dichloropropane; Ethylbenzene; Styrene; Tetrachloro-ethylene; 1,2,4 - Trichlorethane; 1,1,1 - Trichloroethane; 1,1,2 - Trichloroethane; Trichloroethylene; TTHM (Total Trihalomethanes); Toluene; Vinyl Chloride; Xylenes.

These are contaminants that some systems are required to monitor for but which EPA has not set MCLs: Chloroform; Bromodichloromethane; Chlorodibromomethane; Bromoform; m-Dichlorobenzene; 1,1-Dichloropropene; 1,1-Dichloroethane; 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane; 1,3-Dichloropropane; Chloromethane; Bromomethane; 1,2,3-Trichloropropane; 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane; Chloroethane; 2,2-Dichloropropane; o-Chlorotoluene; p-Chlorotoluene; Bromobenzene; 1,3-Dichloropropene ; Aldrin; Butachlor; Carbary; Dicamba; Dieldrin; 3-Hydroxycarbofuran; Methomy; Metolachlor; Metribuzin; Propachlor; 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene; 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene; n-Propylbenzene; n-Butylbenzene; Napthalene; Hexachlorobutadiene; 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene; p-Isopropyltoluene; Isopropylbenzene; Tert-butylbenzene; Nickel; Sec-butylbenzene; Fluorotrichloromethane; Dichlorodifluoromethane; Bromochloromethane. We have Non-Detects for all of these constituents.

The following constituents are regulated more closely, Arsenic, Lead, Nitrate, Radon and Cryptosporidium. Notice of any detection is required.

As you can see by the table, our system had no violations. We're proud that your drinking water meets or exceeds all Federal and State requirements. We have learned through our monitoring and testing that some constituents have been detected. The EPA has determined that your water IS SAFE at these levels.

All sources of drinking water are subject to potential contamination by constituents that are naturally occurring or are man made. Those constituents can be microbes, organic or inorganic chemicals, or radioactive materials. All drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.

MCL's are set at very stringent levels. To understand the possible health effects described for many regulated constituents, a person would have to drink 2 liters of water every day at the MCL level for a lifetime to have a one-in-a-million chance of having the described health effect.

In resent months Beaver City has made substantial improvements to the water system; these include a new a new well and two water tanks. These improvements provided the city with two new pressure zones which greatly improve our ability to supply and deliver a reliable supply of clean, safe water. These improvements were funded by grants, low interest loans, impact fees and a loan from Zion's Bank. Our water rates continue to be one of the lowest if not the lowest in the state. Thank you for allowing us to continue providing your family with clean, quality water this year.

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by cryptosporidium and other microbiological contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).

Please call our office if you have questions.
We at Beaver City work around the clock to provide top quality water to every tap. We ask that all our customers help us protect our water sources, which are the heart of our community, our way of life and our children's future.

This year as we enter into a drought, Beaver City should be able to supply adequate water, both culinary and irrigation to met the basic needs of the community, but it is going to require your help. We will not be able to allow wasteful water usage. We will be publishing recommend watering guidelines and will be looking at enforcement of these. It may become necessary to place restrictions on watering schedules. Please do your part and conserve!

Copies of this report are available at the Beaver City Office.

Table I
Contaminant Violation
Likely Source of Contamination
4. Alpha Emitters N ND-17 pCi/1 0 15 5/13 Erosion of nautural deposits
6. Combined Radium N ND-1.2 pCi/1 0 5 5/13 Erosion of natural deposits
9. Asbestos N W MFL 7 7     Decay of asbestos cement water
mains; erosion of natural deposits
10. Barium N 10 MFL 7 7     Discharge of drilling wastes; discharge from metal refineries; erosion of natural deposits
13. Chromium N 6.6 ppb 100 100 9/97 Discharge from steel and pulp mills; erosion of natural deposits
16. Fluoride N 120/420 ppb 4000 4000 9/97 Water additive which promotes strong teeth; erosion of natural deposits; discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories
19. Nitrate (as Nitrogen) N 280-2500 ppb 10000 10000 98 Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits
20. Nitrate (as Nitrogen) N NA ppb 1000 1000    Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits
21. Selenium N ND-1.0 ppb 50 50    Discharge from petroleum and metal refineries; erosion of natural deposits; discharge from mines